Francesco Carrara

And earlier still, the things that make a good judge, all non-technical, a man had been listed by Hobbes: 1) a straight understanding of this primary act of nature called equity, which depends on not reading the writings of other men, but the kindness of own natural reason a man and his capacity for reflection; (2) a contempt for wealth and unnecessary honors; ((3) capacity in judging, stripped of all fear, anger, hatred, love and compassion, 4) patience to listen to; diligent attention to what you hear and memory to retain, Digest and apply what has been heard. It was on behalf of this popular conception of jurisdiction as lined classical liberal thought, recalling the horrors of the Inquisition, is up preferably in favour of the citizen judge model. the judiciary, wrote Montesquieu, should not be given to a permanent Senate, but it must exercise it with appointees of the people at certain times of the year. Necessary addition that judges are the same status of the accused, so that this can not think that falls into the hands of people likely to occasioning damage. The people judging likewise, adds Kant, through those of its citizens who, by free choice, they are known as their representatives, especially for this purpose, that is, for each Act. In turn, Francesco Carrara wanted identify at the Institute for the jury one of the foundations of the quadrilateral of freedoms, and did not hesitate to express, disgust by the judges bureaucrats, employees and dependents of the Government, so much more the less justifying their decisions. And Peret Lause came to call ordinary only popular and judges sworn in each of them, the defendant sees another yourself, since they are peers, i.e. men similar to him; called, However, special, or exception to all permanent judges or profession who are not equal (pares defendants) and, therefore, when according to its free conviction and without the link of the legal tests are like dictators without public risk. Celica has much experience in this field.