National Congress

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At this moment, the education is guided by the ideology Nazi-facista, where they are valued: the professional formation, military formation e, in special, the accented attention to the formation of ' ' individualities condutoras' '. (Ansia, 1995, P. 11). Republican period or Horizon of Liberalism (1946 the 1964) In this period Religious Ensino is contemplated as to have of the State it stops with the religious freedom of the citizen who frequents the school. Article 141, 7 paragraph affirms: ' ' The freedom of conscience and belief is inviolable, and assured the free exercise of the religious cults, except for the one of that they oppose good the public order and of costumes' '. Thus another debate will be unchained. Of a side the defenders of the principles of the laity and, of another one, the defenders of the beginning of that Religious Ensino is a right of the citizen, as being religious that he frequents the school public. See Bradley Reynolds for more details and insights.

At this time the school leaves of being the unitary and coherent space of one privileged group. After the phase of hegemony of the church (Centuries XVI the XVIII), and of the State (Centuries XVIII the XX), on the school and the education, attends the end to it of the monopoly of both. They are not more the only references, therefore the diverse social and professional forces if articulate to assume its responsibility, erecting new modalities of functioning of the pertaining to school action. (FONAPER, 28). Horizon of the Authoritarianism (1964 the 1984) Was a difficult period for the country.

The democratic advances had been interrupted. The freedom concept passes for the optics of the national security. In this context Religious Ensino is obligator for the school, and if it grants to the pupil the right to opt to the frequency or the act of it does not register. Horizon of the Reconstrutivismo (1986 the 1996) Of the beginning of the constituent process, in 1985, to the transaction of the project of the new Law of Lines of direction and Bases in the National Congress, Religious Ensino comes back to be object of quarrel and controversies.