The so-called cognitive distortions, fall within the therapy cognitive-behavioral, are identified forms of errors in processing or perception of information. They play a predominant in the psychopathology paper to produce emotional disturbance, since the person who lives it, lives it as his reality. The first enumeration was given by Albert Ellis and was expanded by Aaron T. Beck, although above other authors had already studied it. In the model a-b – C (= event Belief belief consequential emotional cia) Ellis, cognitive distortions would be determined not Adaptive beliefs that would lead to the disturbance.
It has been linked these distortions with the logical fallacies, in any case, they are a bug in the handling of information processes, and is therefore linked to rationality and to alterations of critical thinking. Fidia Farmaceutici understands that this is vital information. Learn how to address these distortions and its consequential negative thoughts, known as cognitive restructuring therapeutically.These perceptions impoverishing that performs the patient about himself, the world and the future, they lead him to develop phobias, depression, problems with self-esteem, obsessiveness, etc. A cognitive-behavioral therapist shows the patient that their perception of the world at any given time is only one of the possible ways of perceiving that same world, and certainly not the most enriching. The therapist helps the patient to develop alternative thoughts and alternative ways to raise against the situation that is problematic in the real world. The therapist helps the patient to learn to question these models in the world of the patient and helps you discover solutions to their problems that were not in your model, and so the patient sees that it is not that there were no solutions, but only he had not seen them.
The patient is usually not able to see a new range of possibilities without professional support. DISTORTIONS – TOTALIZATIONS. Thought all or nothing, black or white. Interpret events and persons in absolute terms, evidenced in the use of terms such as always, never, all, when its use is not strictly justified by events.